The net assets of the Plans will be invested in Debt, Money market instruments and Government Securities. The objective of the Plans under the Scheme is to generate regular income through investments in Debt / Money Market Instruments and Government Securities.
Debt Investments include :
Debt securities (in the form of non-convertible debentures, bonds, secured premium notes, zero interest bonds, deep discount bonds, floating rate bond / notes, securitised debt, pass through certificates, asset backed securities, mortgage backed securities and any other domestic fixed income securities including structured obligations etc.) include, but are not limited to:
- Debt obligations of the Government of India, State and local Governments, Government Agencies and statutory bodies (which may or may not carry a state / central government guarantee),
- Securities that have been guaranteed by Government of India and State Governments,
- Securities issued by Corporate Entities (Public / Private sector undertakings),
- Securities issued by Public / Private sector banks and development financial institutions.
Money market instruments include :
- Commercial paper
- Commercial bills
- Treasury bills
- Government securities having an unexpired maturity upto one year
- Collaterilsed Borrowing & Lending Obligations (CBLO)
- Certificate of deposit
- Usance bills
- Permitted securities under a repo / reverse repo agreement
- Any other like instruments as may be permitted by RBI / SEBI from time to time
Investments will be made through secondary market purchases, initial public offers, other public offers, placements and right offers (including renunciation). The securities could be listed, unlisted, privately placed, secured / unsecured, rated / unrated of any maturity.
The AMC retains the flexibility to invest across all the securities / instruments in debt and money market.
Investment in debt securities will usually be in instruments which have been assessed as “high investment grade” by at least one credit rating agency authorised to carry out such activity under the applicable regulations. In case a debt instrument is not rated, prior approval of the Board of Directors of Trustee and AMC will be obtained for such an investment. Investment in debt instruments shall generally have a low risk profile and those in money market instruments shall have an even lower risk profile. The maturity profile of debt instruments will be selected in accordance with the AMC’s view regarding current market conditions, interest rate outlook and the stability of ratings.
Pursuant to the SEBI Regulations, the Scheme shall not make any investment in:
- Any unlisted security of an associate or group company of the Sponsors; or
- Any security issued by way of private placement by an associate or group company of the Sponsors; or
- The listed securities of group companies of the Sponsors which is in excess of 25% of the net assets.
The Scheme may invest in other schemes managed by the AMC or in the schemes of any other mutual funds, provided it is in conformity with the investment objectives of the Scheme and in terms of the prevailing SEBI Regulations. As per the SEBI Regulations, no investment management fees will be charged for such investments and the aggregate inter scheme investment made by all the schemes of HDFC Mutual Fund or in the schemes of other mutual funds shall not exceed 5% of the net asset value of the HDFC Mutual Fund.
Investments made from the corpus of the Plans would be in accordance with the investment objective of the Scheme and the provisions of the SEBI Regulations. The AMC will strive to achieve the investment objective by way of a judicious portfolio mix comprising of debt, money market instruments and government securities. Every investment opportunity would be assessed with regard to credit risk, interest rate risk and liquidity risk.
A detailed credit evaluation of each investment opportunity will be undertaken. The AMC will utilise ratings of recognised rating agencies as an input in the decision making process. Investments in bonds and debentures will usually be in instruments that have been assigned high investment grade ratings by a recognised rating agency. In line with SEBI Circular No. MFD/CIR/9/120/2000 dated November 24, 2000, the AMC may constitute committee(s) to approve proposals for investments in unrated instruments. The AMC Board and the Trustee shall approve the detailed parameters for such investments. The details of such investments would be communicated by the AMC to the Trustee in their periodical reports. It would also be clearly mentioned in the reports, how the parameters have been complied with. However, in case any security does not fall under the parameters, the prior approval of Board of AMC and Trustee shall be sought.
Interest Rate Risk
An interest rate scenario analysis would be performed on an on-going basis, considering the impact of the developments on the macro-economic front and the demand and supply of funds. Based on the above analysis, the AMC would manage the investments of the Scheme on a dynamic basis to exploit emerging opportunities in the investment universe and manage risks at all points in time.
The AMC will provide liquidity by maintaining a low average duration of the portfolio and by investing in securities that would result in a staggered maturity profile of the portfolio. Liquidity will also be managed by investing in the Collaterilsed Borrowing & Lending Obligations (CBLO) / repo market when CBLO money / repo yields are attractive relative to other money market yields. Investment in debt instruments would generally be in securities that have reasonable secondary market activity.
Due to the short duration of the portfolio and the low risk product profile, the effect of volatility in debt markets on the portfolio will be limited. This permits investors to enhance their yields without compromising on the quality of the portfolio.
In the event of a requirement to liquidate all or a substantial part of these investments in a very short duration of time, the AMC may not be able to realize the full value of these securities leading to an adverse impact on the Net Assets of the Scheme.